Pièce 70 - Description du château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye par L. T. Ventouillac

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Description du château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye par L. T. Ventouillac


  • 1829 (Production)

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Professeur de langue et littérature françaises au Royal College de Londres.

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« [p. 47] Château St. Germaine-en-Laye
St. Germain en Laie is four leagues from Paris, on the edge of the forest of Laie (one of the largest and finest in France), on the road to Mantes.
Its greatest ornament is the Château originally built for the accommodation of the kings of France when they were disposed to hunt in the neighbouring forest. Francis I caused the old castle to be demolished, and constructed a new one nearer the Seine, now denominated the Old Castle, and entirely in ruins. Henry IV built what is called the New Palace, which Louis XIII and XIV embellished; the latter adding the noble towers which flank the angles. The terrace of St. Germaine is 7200 feet in length.
Here were born Henry II, Charles IX, and Louis XIV; and in this palace James II, of England, found, after the Revolution of 1688, a truly royal asylum. He died here in 1701. The views were from the terrace of the course of the Seine, the villages and country seats bordering the metropolis, the rich and animated meadows, and the distant hills, are most picturesque and delightful. On one of the hills in the distance may be distinguished the fine aqueduct of Marly.
[p. 127] Cour du château de St. Germain
The road from Paris to St. Germain-en-Laie offers many points of interest to the traveller. Passing through the Champs Elysees, we reach the Barriere and then the bridge of Neuilly, whence appears, on an eminence to the right, the picturesque village of Courbevoie: farther on is Colombes, remarkable chiefly as the residence of Henrietta, wife of Charles I of England. She died here in 1669. The next village is Nanterre, about two leagues and a quarter from Paris, and one of the most ancient neighbours. Here St. Genevieve, the patroness of the metropolis, is said to have been born in the fifth century. Close by is Ruel, distinguished by its superb barracks, erected by Louis XV, and occupied by the Russians as a military hospital in 1814. The church is a superior edifice of the 16th century; and not far distant the chateau of cardinal Richelieu is to be seen. Malmaison now presents its fine grounds, and is succeeded by Marly and its celebrated aqueduct; the road from the former winding along the left bank of the Seine until it reaches the town of St. Germain. Marly and its neighbourhood afford many delightful views of the environs of Paris.
We have already adverted to the history of the Chateau de St. Germain. The seat of an English court and cabinet for the last ten years of the 17th century, it has never since been a favorite residence of the French monarchs; was almost abandoned in the reigns of Louis XV and XVI, and converted, during the Revolution, into barracks. The ancient court shown in the plate is in the best style of the period of Francis I and Henry IV, to whom this palace owes its chief buildings. »

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L. T. Ventouillac, Paris and its environs displayed in a series of picturesque views, the drawings made under the direction of Mr Pugin and engraved under the superintendance of Mr C. Heath, Londres, Robert Jennings, 1829-1831, t. I, p. 47 et 127

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